Phlebotomy Practice Test

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Question 1
This blood bank test is used to check for unsuspected antibodies and antigens in the recipient's and donor's blood that could cause severe reactions during transfusion:
A
Type and Rh
B
Compatibility testing
C
Antibody screen
D
Type and crossmatch
Question 1 Explanation: 
Compatibility testing is used to check for unsuspected antibodies and antigens in the recipient's and donor's blood that could cause severe reactions during transfusion.
Question 2
The most important part of collecting a specimen for a test is
A
proper phlebotomy technique
B
patient identification
C
state-of-the-art equipment
D
courtesy to the patient
Question 2 Explanation: 
The most important step in collecting a sample is patient identification. Being courteous to the patient and using good phlebotomy technique are also very important but not the most important.
Question 3
A hydrogen breath test can be used to detect which of the following conditions?
A
PKU
B
lactose intolerance
C
H. Pylori infections
D
glucose metabolism disorders
Question 3 Explanation: 
Hydrogen breath tests detect hydrogen gas released by bacteria in the intestines that ferment lactose. High hydrogen gas levels in the breath indicate lactose intolerance.
Question 4
To mix an additive tube, you should:
A
invert 3-8 times
B
centrifuge
C
invert 8-10 times
D
shake gently
Question 4 Explanation: 
Additive microtubes should be mixed by inverting 8-10 times, depending on the manufacturer's instructions.
Question 5
If sufficient blood does not appear at first from a capillary puncture site on a finger, what should be done?
A
the patient should hold up his/her arm
B
the patient should clench his/her hand
C
the finger should be firmly squeezed several times
D
gentle pressure should be applied proximal to the site
Question 5 Explanation: 
To stimulate blood flow, the site should be positioned downward and gentle pressure should be applied proximal to the site. The area should not be pressed too hard or squeezed repetitively. That could cause hemolysis or tissue fluid contamination.
Question 6
The "lubb" or first sound of the heartbeat is caused by:
A
the contraction of the ventricles
B
the closing of the semilunar valves
C
the closing of the AV valves
D
the contraction of the atria
Question 6 Explanation: 
The first sound of the heartbeat, "lubb," is caused by the closing of the AV valves.
Question 7
Loss of consciousness resulting from insufficient blood flow to the brain is known as:
A
trauma
B
syncope
C
nausea
D
infarction
Question 7 Explanation: 
Syncope is the clinical term for fainting. It involves loss of consciousness due to insufficient blood flow to the brain.
Question 8
When reviewing a requisition all of the following must be performed EXCEPT:
A
verify the date, time, and test to be collected
B
ensure special circumstances are met before performing test
C
verifying the patient's social security number
D
check that required information is present and complete
Question 8 Explanation: 
A through review of a test requisition involves: checking for all required information; verifying time, date, and test to be collected; identifying any special circumstances; and determining the collection status and test priority.
Question 9
Major functions of this organ include glycogen storage, secretion of bile, and detoxification of harmful substances:
A
liver
B
spleen
C
pancreas
D
gall bladder
Question 9 Explanation: 
The liver's main functions include glycogen storage, protein catabolism, detoxification of harmful substances, and bile secretion.
Question 10
Which of the following may still occur during arterial puncture even when using good technique and proper procedure?
A
hematoma
B
arteriospasm
C
thrombus formation
D
extreme pain
Question 10 Explanation: 
Because arteriospasms are a reflex, they may not be avoidable, especially with anxious patients. The other three conditions should avoidable using proper procedure.
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