NCLEX-RN Practice Test

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Question 1
Which of the following symptoms does not indicate a hypersensitivity to taking Allopurinol?
A
Dizziness
B
Rash
C
Worsening renal function
D
Fever
Question 1 Explanation: 
Dizziness does not indicate a hypersensitivity to Allopurinol. Rash, fever, and worsening renal function do indicate hypersensitivity to Allopurinol, as does acute hepatocellular injury, leukocytosis, and eosinophilia.
Question 2
The nurse instructs a client with a leg cast on cast care at home.  Which of the following should NOT be included in the instructions?
A
“Take care not to walk on wet surfaces”
B
“Avoid scratching the skin under the cast”
C
“If the cast gets wet, dry it with a blow dryer set to the hottest setting”
D
“Keep the cast clean by wiping it with a damp cloth”
Question 2 Explanation: 
A cast can be dried with a hair-dryer, but only on the coolest setting. If the hairdryer is set to the hottest setting it may negatively affect the shape of the cast.
Question 3
A nurse instructs a client with systemic lupus erythematosus on home care methods to manage fatigue.  Which of the following is an improper instruction?
A
Perform light, daily exercises such as walking
B
Alternate periods of rest with activity to reduce muscle soreness
C
Spend at least 20 minutes a week performing vigorous activity to prevent malaise
D
Sit whenever possible to avoid becoming fatigued
Question 3 Explanation: 
A client with systemic lupus erythematosus should perform light regular exercise to build stamina, but should not engage in taxing workouts.
Question 4
The arterial blood gas values of pH of 7.50, a Pco2 of 30 mm Hg and an HCO3 of 25 mEq/L is indicative of:
A
Metabolic acidosis, uncompensated
B
Respiratory alkalosis, uncompensated
C
Respiratory acidosis, uncompensated
D
Metabolic acidosis, partially compensated
Question 4 Explanation: 
Uncompensated respiratory alkalosis is defined by a pH level greater than 7.45 (Normal: 7.35 - 7.45), PCO2 less than 35 (Normal: 35 - 45), and normal HCO3 (Normal : 22 - 26). Other signs include headache, vertigo, paresthesias, tinnitus, and electrolyte abnormalities.
Question 5
The nurse recognizes the following symptom as a result of a phenytoin blood level study that reveals a level of 35 mcg/mL in the client:
A
Tachycardia
B
No symptoms, because this is a normal therapeutic level
C
Nystagmus
D
Slurred speech
Question 5 Explanation: 
Normal therapeutic ranges for adults taking phenytoin are between 10-20 mcg/mL. One symptom of a patient that is experiencing levels higher than this range is slurred speech.
Question 6
A client with hypertension is asking the nurse how to recommend a low sodium diet.  The nurse will tell the client to avoid:
A
Pastas
B
Canned foods
C
Fruit drinks
D
Breads
Question 6 Explanation: 
A sodium-restricted diet is indicated by hypertension. The nurse will teach the client to eat fresh foods rather than canned, frozen, smoked, or pickled foods.
Question 7
Metoclopramide is used in the treatment for which of the following conditions?
A
Vomiting after chemotherapy
B
Tuberculosis
C
Ulcer disease
D
Chronic bronchitis
Question 7 Explanation: 
Metoclopramide is an antiemetic and gastroprokinetic agent commonly used to treat nausea and vomiting, to facilitate gastric emptying in people with gastroparesis, and as a treatment for the gastric stasis often associated with migraine headaches.
Question 8
A patient receiving parenteral nutrition is experiencing shoulder pain, sudden shortness of breath, and absence of breath sounds on affected side.  The nurse responds by:
A
Removing the catheter and sending it to the laboratory for culture
B
Preparing for a chest tube and monitoring the situation closely
C
Placing the client in a left-side lying position with the head lower than the feet
D
Restricting fluids, administering diuretics, and starting dialysis
Question 8 Explanation: 
A patient receiving parenteral nutrition experiencing shoulder pain, sudden shortness of breath, and absence of breath sounds on affected side may have a pneumothorax. Pneumothorax may resolve itself, but if not, the nurse should insert a chest tube.
Question 9
The client has been prescribed Cyclobenzaprine Hydrochloride (Flexeril) for muscle spasms. Which of the following disorders would alert a nurse to contact the physician?
A
Diabetes mellitus
B
Glaucoma
C
Emphysema
D
Hypothyroidism
Question 9 Explanation: 
Cyclobenzaprine (Flexeril) has anticholinergic activity, to which elderly patients are especially sensitive. Cyclobenzaprine should be prescribed with great caution and monitoring to patients with conditions that are likely to be exacerbated by anticholinergic activity, such as glaucoma.
Question 10
The therapy that where a focus on the therapist-client relationship is used to modify a client's feelings, attitude, and behaviors is:
A
Cognitive therapy
B
Interpersonal psychotherapy
C
Family therapy
D
Behavior therapy
Question 10 Explanation: 
Interpersonal psychotherapy focuses on the therapist-client relationship to modify a client's feelings, attitude, and behaviors.
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