First Responder Practice Test

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Question 1
You have witnessed a patient go into cardiac arrest and began CPR after sending a second rescuer to activate the emergency response system and get an AED.  When a third rescuer arrives he should:
A
help the second rescuer by going to get the AED.
B
help with bag mask ventilation.
C
help with simple face mask ventilation.
D
stand by and maintain scene safety.
Question 1 Explanation: 
If a third rescuer arrives in this scenario, he should help with ventilations.
Question 2
When giving mouth to mouth ventilations to an infant:
A
close the patient's mouth and breath only through their nose.
B
there is no need to create a seal due to the child's smaller lung volume.
C
pinch the patient's nostrils shut and place your mouth over their mouth creating an airtight seal.
D
place your mouth over the infants nose and mouth to create an airtight seal.
Question 2 Explanation: 
When giving mouth to mouth ventilations to an infant place your mouth over the infants nose and mouth to create an airtight seal.
Question 3
When opening up the airway of a patient who is suspected of having a spinal injury you should:
A
insert a bite stick.
B
use the jaw thrust maneuver.
C
use the head tilt chin lift maneuver.
D
position the patient on their side.
Question 3 Explanation: 
When opening up the airway of a patient who is suspected of having a spinal injury you should use the jaw thrust maneuver.
Question 4
You have just witnessed a patient collapse.  He is not breathing.  A second rescuer arrives.  The second rescuers role is to:
A
begin ventilating the patient.
B
check for a pulse.
C
activate the emergency response system and get the AED.
D
automatically begin chest compressions.
Question 4 Explanation: 
In this scenario the second rescuer should activate the emergency response system and get the AED.
Question 5
When feeling for a pulse, use:
A
2 or 3 fingers.
B
just your thumb.
C
1 finger only.
D
your thumb and 1 finger.
Question 5 Explanation: 
When checking a pulse, use 2 or 3 fingers. The thumb should never be used as it has a pulse of its own.
Question 6
The risk of infection to the rescuer while performing CPR is:
A
high.
B
extremely low.
C
non-existent.
D
moderate.
Question 6 Explanation: 
The risk of infection from performing CPR is extremely low however OSHA requires all healthcare workers to use standard precautions.
Question 7
You are transporting a 5 year old male to the hospital who is agitated and has an oxygen saturation of 92%.  He will not tolerate a NRB or nasal cannula, and taking them off of his face.   Your best course of action is to:
A
Put the straps of the mask on tighter.
B
Have the patient's mother hold the mask close to his face.
C
Restrain the patients hands by tying them to the stretcher.
D
hold the mask to his face while diverting his attention.
Question 7 Explanation: 
If a child is not tolerating oxygen therapy, your best choice is to have his mother hold the mask close to his face and provide blow-by oxygen.
Question 8
Which of the following signs is not likely to be present in a patient with a severe airway obstruction?
A
Clutching the neck.
B
Violent coughing.
C
Inability to speak.
D
Cyanosis.
Question 8 Explanation: 
Violent coughing is a sign of a less serious airway obstruction. In the event of a major occlusion the patient will most likely have weak, ineffective coughs or none at all.
Question 9
A round of CPR should last 5 cycles or approximately:
A
4 minutes.
B
3 minutes.
C
2 minutes.
D
5 minutes.
Question 9 Explanation: 
A round of CPR lasts for 5 cycles or approximately 2 minutes when performed at the proper rate.
Question 10
Which type of oxygen regulator only has 1 gauge and way to regulate the flow-rate?
A
Continuous flow regulator.
B
High pressure regulator.
C
Peak flow regulator.
D
Therapy regulator.
Question 10 Explanation: 
The high pressure regulator only has one gauge and is no mechanism for controlling the flow-rate. This type of regulator can be used to power a FROPVD.
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