EMT Practice Test

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Question 1
You are preparing to suction the nose and nasopharynx of a patient.  How should the length of the soft catheter be measured?
A
From the tip of nose to the bridge of the nose.
B
From the tip of the nose to the tip of the ear.
C
From the tip of the nose to the patients Adam's apple.
D
Measurement is not needed. Only insert the catheter until resistance is met.
Question 1 Explanation: 
When measuring a soft catheter to suction the nose and nasopharynx, you should measure from the tip of the patient's nose to the tip of their ear. The catheter should not advance past the base of the tongue.
Question 2
The main reason for the use of repeaters within an EMS system is:
A
they allow for nationwide access to the station's communications.
B
to broaden the distance in which communications can be sent/received.
C
they allow more than one person to speak at once and still be heard.
D
they allow for transmissions to be replayed if necessary.
Question 2 Explanation: 
Repeaters receive transmissions from low powered sources and rebroadcast them at a higher power allowing for an increased distance in which communications can be sent/received.
Question 3
You are on the scene of a 7 year old  patient who has ingested an unknown substance.  Upon inspection of the room, you find an empty bottle laying on the floor under the kitchen table.  As an EMT you know that activated charcoal can be used for all of the following poisonings except:
A
aspirin.
B
oven cleaners.
C
insecticide.
D
cough syrup.
Question 3 Explanation: 
Activated charcoal should not be use if the patient has swallowed an acid, alkali, or petroleum product. Many of these agents are found in common household cleaners.
Question 4
The predelivery emergency in which your 3rd trimester patient presents with vaginal bleeding accompanied by a constant abdominal pain is known as:
A
eclampsia.
B
placenta previa.
C
abruptio placenta.
D
an ectopic pregnancy.
Question 4 Explanation: 
Abruptio placenta is associated with pain in the abdomen whereas placenta previa is usually painless. An ectopic pregnancy occurs in the first trimester and is not considered to be a predelivery emergency.
Question 5
You arrive on scene of a major MVC.  You are assigned to a patient that is bleeding profusely and in critical condition.  What is the maximum amount of time you should spend on scene?
A
10 minutes.
B
3 minutes.
C
15 minutes.
D
5 minutes.
Question 5 Explanation: 
Sometimes referred to as the "platinum 10 minutes", it is the maximum amount of time that EMS personal should spend on scene with a critically injured patient. Studies have shown that the survival rate of those who have suffered a major traumatic incident increases significantly if surgical intervention is achieved within an hour.
Question 6
Which of the following choices is not part of the scale used when assessing a newborn?
A
Grimace.
B
Blood pressure.
C
Pulse.
D
Activity.
Question 6 Explanation: 
The APGAR scale is used to assess newborn babies. It is divided into 5 categories; appearance, pulse, grimace, activity, and respirations.
Question 7
What is the best location to check for central cyanosis on a newborns body?
A
The umbilical region.
B
The oral mucosa.
C
The fontanel.
D
The upper arm.
Question 7 Explanation: 
The most reliable place to check for central cyanosis on a newborns body is either the tongue or the oral mucosa. Cap refill times are not the most reliable especially when looking for central cyanosis. The fontanelle is a good place to check for dehydration or hypovolemia in an infant.
Question 8
When opening up an infants airway the EMT should be mindful not to:
A
use the head tilt chin lift manuever.
B
use the cross finger technique.
C
use the jaw thrust manuever.
D
hyperextend the neck.
Question 8 Explanation: 
The infant airway has not fully developed, specifically the cartilage rings that hold the trachea open. Therefore the EMT should be mindful not to hyperextend the neck when opening the airway. Of the choices given this is the most plausable and probable answer.
Question 9
You are treating a patient who is bleeding profusely from a cut on just above his knee.  Which artery is most likely feeding this bleed?
A
Pedal.
B
Brachial.
C
Radial.
D
Femoral.
Question 9 Explanation: 
The femoral artery supplies the lower extremities with a fresh supply of blood. There is no such thing as a pedal artery.
Question 10
Which of the following signs/symptoms would least likely be present in a patient with CHF?
A
Presence of an S3 heart sound upon auscultation.
B
Weight loss.
C
Crackles heard in the lungs upon auscultation.
D
Swelling in the lower extremities.
Question 10 Explanation: 
CHF is likely to cause weight gain, not weight loss. The weakening of the heart muscle results in fluid retention through out the body causing swelling, crackles in the lower lobes of the lungs, and the presence of an S3 sound when auscultating the heart.
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