BLS Practice Test

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Question 1
Which of the following choices best describes the method used to hold the mask in place while delivering ventilations via a bag valve mask?
A
The E-C clamp.
B
The E-W grip.
C
The W-C clamp.
D
The C-C grip.
Question 1 Explanation: 
The E-C clamp is a method used to describe the hand positioning over the mask when using a bag valve mask device.
Question 2
When performing mouth to mouth breaths on an adult it is important to:
A
take a deep breath and seal your lips around the victims mouth.
B
take a regular breath and seal your lips around the victims mouth.
C
take a shallow breath and seal your lips around the victims mouth and nose.
D
take a deep breath and seal your lips around the victims mouth and nose.
Question 2 Explanation: 
When performing mouth to mouth breaths on an adult it is important to take a regular breath and seal your lips around the victims mouth. AHA guidelines recommend against taking a deep breath.
Question 3
You are on the scene of a 8 month old male who is in severe respiratory distress.  Inspection of the oropharynx reveals a small, toy-like object lodged in the child's throat.  Stridor is hear on inspiration and the infant's mother is extremely agitated.  Your next step would be to:
A
perform 5 cycles of the foreign body obstruction maneuver.
B
attempt to remove the obstruction with your fingers.
C
perform abdominal thrusts to dislodge the obstruction.
D
perform back blows to dislodge the obstruction.
Question 3 Explanation: 
For a patient who is under the age of 1 with a partial airway obstruction, the EMT should first perform 5 back blows.
Question 4
All of the follow choices are true of an agonal gasp except:
A
They are always forceful and make the patient's head move.
B
They look as if a patient is drawing in air rapidly.
C
They may sound like a snort or grunt.
D
They usually happen at a slow rate.
Question 4 Explanation: 
Agonal gasps can be forceful or weak. In some cases they are forceful enough to cause head or neck movement, but not always.
Question 5
In a two-rescuer CPR situation the person delivering ventilations should be positioned:
A
on the patients side.
B
by the patients feet.
C
at the patients head.
D
behind the first rescuer.
Question 5 Explanation: 
In a two-rescuer CPR situation the person delivering ventilations should be positioned at the patient's head.
Question 6
You begin to place an oropharyngeal adjunct and your patient begins to gag.  Your next action should be to:
A
Leave the airway in place but be cautious in case of vomiting.
B
Use a larger adjunct that does not penetrate as deep.
C
remove the airway and ventilate without an adjunct.
D
Use a smaller adjunct.
Question 6 Explanation: 
If a patient has a gag reflex then the OPA should not be used.
Question 7
The bag valve mask is most effective when controlled by:
A
3 rescuers.
B
1 rescuer.
C
4 rescuers.
D
2 rescuers.
Question 7 Explanation: 
The bag valve mask is most effective with 2 rescuers. 1 should maintain the seal, while the other squeezes the bag.
Question 8
2 rescuer CPR is performed at a ratio of what in a child?
A
15 to 1.
B
30 to 1.
C
30 to 2.
D
15 to 2.
Question 8 Explanation: 
CPR is performed at a ratio of 15 compressions to two breaths in a child with 2 rescuers.
Question 9
The correct sequence of steps for CPR is:
A
breathing, airway, chest compressions.
B
chest compressions, airway, breathing.
C
airway, breathing, chest compressions.
D
breathing, airway, chest compression.
Question 9 Explanation: 
The correct sequence for providing CPR is represented by the CAB mnemonic which stands for compressions, airway, breathing.
Question 10
When checking for a pulse in an adult patient:
A
check for 30 seconds.
B
wait for the AED to analyze the heart rate.
C
check for 3 seconds.
D
check for at least 5 seconds but no more than 10.
Question 10 Explanation: 
When checking for a pulse, feel for at least 5 seconds but no more than 10.
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Basic Life Support Practice Exam

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